This complete guide let’s you know How Do Vacuums Work and complete functionality of the vacuums while working.
Everyone around us is tired of all the dirt that just comes in to our homes and offices and workplaces. The problem is that you have to clean up the space again and again which can be a hectic task. And almost everyone uses one single device to get rid of dirt from their places and that is none other than a vacuum cleaner. The vacuum cleaner has now become a popular electrical equipment of our household as almost everyone owns one.
How Do Vacuums Work
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But the thing to note here is that we have been using vacuums for a long time but have we ever thought how do they actually work. The process of the vacuum working is quite simple to understand and adapt. Just keep in mind that whenever you are drinking any liquid drink with the help of a straw, what do you do? You just use the mechanism of suction and all the liquid from the bottom of the bottle will move right up the straw into your mouth.
This is the same mechanism that is being used by vacuum cleaners to work. While the mechanism is the same but the execution of this mechanism is a bit more complicated than it may seem so. There are six basic components of a vacuum cleaner that includes an intake port, an exhaust port, a fan, an electric motor, a housing with all other components, and a porous bag.
The working of a vacuum starts off with when the motor is operated with the help of electric current. The motor has angled blades and is attached to the fan just like an airplane propeller. The fan blades start to turn and force the air towards the exhaust port and then the particles are driven forward with the density of particles continuing to increase in front of the fan while decreasing at the back of the fan.
The pressure drop is similar to that of your straw when you are drinking any liquid from it. The pressure level that is of the area behind the fan drops to a level that is below the pressure level of the area that is present on the outside of the vacuum. This particular thing creates the suction part for the vacuum cleaner with the ambient air pushing into the vacuum through the intake port only. This is why the air pressure is lower inside the vacuum cleaner as compared to the outside pressure.
The power that is in the vacuum cleaner is not determined by the power of the motor but it also depends on the intake port size and the part that sucks all the dirt. The smaller intake size vacuums are more powerful as suction power generated is high. This is the main reason why vacuum with small entry points has high suction power than the vacuums that have larger entry points. There are different types of vacuum cleaners but they all work on the same principle of work of sucking the dirt just like we suck any liquid with the help of a straw.